Reference - Misfire diagnosis checklist by wilson009

By diyauto
( 1 )

3 minute read

Reference - Misfire diagnosis checklist

Compliments of wilson009 @


See the attached PDF's for a formatted printable version

The DME can usually identify which cylinder is misfiring, It will also shut off fuel to that one cylinder for bad misfire to prevent damage and throttle the engine

754i Misfire CheckList: 

Erratic engine idle or misfiring lasting 20 seconds causes the Check Engine to be illuminated and a automatic reduction in power to prevent damage. . 

First determine which Cylinder(s) are misfiring and get the error codes. The error codes will point you to the primary causes

Misfire Codes

There are three main causes for misfires as follows:

- Ignition

• spark plugs – Swap with good cylinder

o Inspect for built up, oil or smell of gas 

• faulty ignition coils-– Swap with good cylinder

• faulty camshaft position sensor 

• Look for loose or dirty connections

• Get a sparkplug tester and look for spark

• Use Ohm meter to test continuity


• dirty injectors- Inspect and swap with good cylinder

• Verify it is spraying- Note computer may shut of gas to misfiring cylinder to protect the catalytic converter

• Low fuel pressure, faulty pressure regulator

• Fuel supply faulty (filter ad pump)

• Use Multimeter to test continuity and voltage


• Do a compression Test

• Loss of compression could be 

o worn out piston rings (look for blue smoke)

o leaking head gasket look for (white smoke)

o Sticky, Stuck, or improperly seated valves


• Leaking air intake system

• Bad CCV’s 


• Oxygen Sensors 

• Stuck EGR valve


• DME Module replacement (Highly unlikely)

Additional Notes

Valvetronic Issues (I think this mainly deals with cold weather starting misfires)

• Incorrect tolerances and geometry of Valvetronic intermediate levers. Intermediate levers are causing uneven cylinder filling during the transitional cold start period (60 seconds after the engine has been started) when the Valvetronic system is switching from the initial 6 mm to a minimum 0.3/0.8 mm valve lift.

Misfire CheckList.pdf

misfire test.pdf